How to Make Maafe – This classic West African peanut soup recipe includes creamy peanut butter, tender chicken, and fresh veggies for a delicious and hearty soup or curry over rice.

Close view of bowl of Maafe topped with chopped nuts and cilantro

Why We Love This West African Peanut Butter Soup Recipe

Really, what isn’t better with peanut butter?! This wonder legume adds an amazing earthy-ish taste and luscious texture to practically any dish, from sweet to savory. Including soups!

Maafe (AKA Tigadegena and Domoda) is a traditional African peanut soup popular in Ghana, Senegal, and Gambia. It is made with chicken and vegetables, in a creamy peanut butter and garlic base. West African Peanut Stew features bold flavors in a velvety rich broth – with just a bit of heat from crushed red pepper. Every bite is vibrant, satisfying, and keeps you coming back for another spoonful.

Start to finish this recipe only requires about 30 minutes to make. So it’s terrific for a quick but hearty dinner any night of the week! Serve the West African-inspired soup as-is for a low-carb option, or enjoy over rice, like an African curry. Either way, everyone will be coming back for another bowl of this decadent and delightful soup!

Top view two bowls of African peanut soup with scoop of rice.

Ingredients You Need

This homemade Maafe recipe uses simple, whole ingredients for a good-for-you soup! Here’s what you’ll need:

  • Sweet onion peeled and cut into wedges
  • Tomatoescut into wedges
  • Gingerpeeled
  • Garlicpeeled
  • Peanut buttercreamy
  • Chicken brothor bouillon with water
  • Chicken breastscut into 1-inch pieces
  • Bell pepperseeded and chopped
  • Carrotsliced (or diced sweet potato)
  • Spicescrushed red pepper, salt, and pepper (jalapeno or scotch bonnet pepper can also be used)
  • Optional garnisheschopped peanuts and cilantro
Bowl of Maafe with scoop of rice, metal spoon scooping.

How to Make African Peanut Soup

First, set out a blender. Place the onion wedges, tomato wedges, piece of ginger, garlic cloves, and peanut butter in the blender. Cover and purée until smooth.

Set a large saucepan (or dutch oven) over medium heat. Pour the peanut butter purée into the pot.

Get the Complete (Printable) African Peanut Soup Recipe Below. Enjoy!

Then add the chopped pieces of chicken. Stir in the broth, chopped bell pepper, carrots, and crushed red pepper. Add 1 teaspoon of salt.

Pouring chicken broth over chopped peppers and carrots with chicken and peanut puree in a large cooking pot.

Stir well and bring the peanut soup to a low boil.

Simmer for 20 to 25 minutes, until the chicken is cooked through. Stir it regularly to make sure the chicken and veggies do not stick to the bottom of the pot.

Taste, then season with salt and pepper as needed.

Top view of finished West African peanut soup in cooking pot, topped with chopped cilantro and crushed peanuts.

Maafe Tips & Tricks

  • Add more veggies! This peanut butter African soup can be made even more nutritious if you add some extra greens like kale!
  • If you don’t have a blender, simply dice the tomatoes, onion, ginger, and garlic into small pieces!
  • Don’t love rice? You can serve your African peanut stew with naan bread or any crusty bread of your choice!
  • If you or anyone you know has a peanut allergy, you can replace the peanut butter sunflower seed butter! This will still lend a deep, nutty flavor to the African stew without any risk!

Serving Suggestions

Ladle into bowls and top the soup with crunchy crushed peanuts and chopped fresh cilantro.

Enjoy Maafe as-is for a low-carb and protein-rich soup that’s healthy, hearty, and most importantly IMO, delicious.

Serve with a scoop of white rice or jollof rice snuggled into the bowl to eat more like a classic curry dish.

Top view two finished bowls of peanut butter soup topped with cilantro and crushed peanuts.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you make vegetarian and vegan West Africa peanut soup?

Swap the chicken broth with veggie broth and omit the chicken for a veg-friendly recipe. You can leave out the protein entirely, or add a can of rinsed and drained chickpeas or cubes of extra firm tofu. If including tofu, I do recommend that you skillet fry, air fry, or bake the cubes firm before they are added to the soup. Then add only in the last 5 minutes or so of the cooking time.

Can I make this Peanut Butter Soup more or less spicy?

Add a pinch more of crushed red pepper for an extra spicy kick. Or leave out the red pepper for a mild but nonetheless bright and flavorful soup.

How long do leftovers last?

Leftover Maafe tastes amazing! Let the soup cool completely, then transfer to an airtight container and keep it in the refrigerator for up to 4 days. It also freezes very well. Once cooled, transfer the soup to a freezer-safe container. Wrap in a layer of aluminum foil for extra protection. Keep in the freezer for up to 3 months.

Close view of West African peanut butter soup in a bowl, with scoop of white rice and topped with chopped cilantro and crushed peanuts.

Looking For More Scrumptious Soups? Be Sure To Also Try These Easy Recipes:

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African Peanut Soup (Maafe)

Prep Time: 10 minutes
Cook Time: 25 minutes
Total Time: 35 minutes
Maafe is classic West African recipe made with creamy peanut butter, tender chicken, and fresh veggies for a delicious and hearty peanut soup or curry over rice.
Servings: 6 servings

Ingredients

Instructions

  • Set out a blender. Place the onion wedges, tomato wedges, piece of ginger, garlic cloves, and peanut butter in the blender. Cover and purée until smooth.
  • Set a large soup pot over medium heat. Pour the peanut butter purée into the pot. Stir in the broth, chicken breast pieces, chopped bell pepper, carrots, and crushed red pepper. Add 1 teaspoon of salt. Stir well and bring to a low boil.
  • Simmer for 20 to 25 minutes, until the chicken is cooked through. Stir it regularly to make sure the chicken and veggies do not stick to the bottom of the pot.
  • Taste, then season with salt and pepper as needed. Serve as is, or with a side of rice.

Video

Notes

Like spice? You can add extra crushed red pepper to crank it up!
Leftover Maafe tastes amazing! Let the soup cool completely, then transfer to an airtight container and keep it in the refrigerator for up to 4 days. It also freezes very well. Once cooled, transfer the soup to a freezer-safe container. Wrap in a layer of aluminum foil for extra protection. Keep in the freezer for up to 3 months.

Nutrition

Serving: 1.5cup, Calories: 375kcal, Carbohydrates: 18g, Protein: 34g, Fat: 20g, Saturated Fat: 4g, Polyunsaturated Fat: 5g, Monounsaturated Fat: 9g, Trans Fat: 1g, Cholesterol: 73mg, Sodium: 864mg, Potassium: 1071mg, Fiber: 4g, Sugar: 9g, Vitamin A: 6371IU, Vitamin C: 48mg, Calcium: 60mg, Iron: 2mg
Course: Main, Main Course, Soup
Cuisine: African, West African
Author: Sommer Collier
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